by Sylvie Goyet
MAIN OBJECTIVES AND OUTPUTS OF THE TUNISIAN PROJECT
1. Development and implementation of policies for the sustainable management of wetlands and coastal areas.
Developing the legal framework for the acquisition, the protection and the sustainable management of public or private lands based on APAL’s mandate and other existing laws.
2. Protection and removal of root causes of the loss of biodiversity of global significance in key demonstration sites.
Instituting and strengthening an integrated approach for the management of selected wetlands and coastal sites in Tunisia.
3. Contributing to "closing the Mediterranean circle" in terms of biodiversity protection and sustainable management of wetlands and coastal zones through networking and training.
Designing and implementing a national training plan.
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STATUS AND DESCRIPTION OF THE MEDWETCOAST SITES IN TUNISIA
El Haouaria, Zembra and Zembretta isles: El Houaria is a Nature reserve. Zembra and Zembreta isles are national Parks and Biosphere reserves. No legal protection status for El Haouaria. Surface area of 1362 ha which includes : El Haouaria area of beaches and cliffs (97 0 ha), Zembra and Zembretta islands (392 ha).
Threats: Limited pressure at the current stage. Growing visitor pressure. Pressure on existing resources due to over-grazing, hunting and bird catching.
Dar Chichou, Oued Abid: 100 ha of Dar Chichou forest are a Nature Reserve. No legal protection status. 6350 ha composed of sand dunes, wetlands and forest area.
Threats: Pollution from agricultural activities - Over- pumping of water. Impact on resources from hunting, over-grazing... Tourism and urban development. Coastal dune erosion.
Lagoons conglomeration in Kelibia including Korba Lagoon: No legal protection status. 1500ha which is mainly a string of littoral lagoons, Korba lagoon is the only one not drying in summer.
Threats: Disturbances in hydrological balance. Inflow of domestic and industrial solid and liquid waste. Urban development spreading towards sensitive areas . Coastal dune erosion. Hunting.
Sites Protection through management planning
Ensure legal protection status of site
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