Report on Stakeholder Analyzes & Governance Aspects

28 October 2005

par Violeta Zuna, Eno Dodbiba

The purpose of these analyses is to create a picture of the main stakeholders that interact in the project areas, to recognize their interests and their power to influence the processes. It is a matter of fact that even the current management system involves a considerable amount of collaboration among government structures (central and local), users, and other non government or private stakeholders. Exploring the relationships within the current management system and building upon their strengths are critical steps to develop sensible ideas for support and consider who might be affected by the implementation of these ideas. Only this way we will tend to achieve the desired situation where stakeholders agree to share power to make decisions and exercise control over the use of resources. In order to do so first we need to agree on two definitions that we are going to use more frequently under the terms of this project: 1. What is a “stakeholder



GENERAL DESCRIPTION AND PROBLEMS IN THE PROJECT AREAS

Motivation and general principles

The purpose of these analyses is to create a picture of the main stakeholders that interact in the project areas, to recognize their interests and their power to influence the processes. It is a matter of fact that even the current management system involves a considerable amount of collaboration among government structures (central and local), users, and other non government or private stakeholders. Exploring the relationships within the current management system and building upon their strengths are critical steps to develop sensible ideas for support and consider who might be affected by the implementation of these ideas. Only this way we will tend to achieve the desired situation where stakeholders agree to share power to make decisions and exercise control over the use of resources. In order to do so first we need to agree on two definitions that we are going to use more frequently under the terms of this project: 1. What is a “stakeholder”? and 2. What is the “resource” to be managed?

Definitions

The following analyzes draw on Borrini-Feyerabend (1996) definition of stakeholder. In their view a stakeholder can be defined as any individual, social group or institution that possesses a stake (or interest) in the management of the natural resource concerned

The designation of “resource” as described in this material is based on “territorial units” (see the map attached at the end of this report) presented in the draft government decisions prepared by the Ministry of Environment for issuing National Park of Llogara - Karaburuni; Protected Landscape of Orikumi Lagoon; Protected Landscape of Narta - Zvernec Lagoon; and Natural Reserve of Vjosa River Delta and Pishe-Poro. In our opinion it is crucial that our analyzes “build” on the same “resource units” since at the early stage in order to better link the preparation of management plans and future administration of these areas. From local users’ point of view these units are “tangible” and rational in terms of better balancing their interests and their potential influence on the future resource management.

In this respect stakeholder analyzes will be carried out separately for each of the four resources: 1. Orikumi Lagoon 2. National Park of Llogara and Karaburun 3. Narta Lagoon and Zverneci area 4. Vjosa River Delta and Pishe-Poro

Summarized description of resources to be managed and main problems

The following is a summarized description of the current situation at the four resource units. The summary draws on the information extracted from expert interviews

Violeta Zuna, Eno Dodbiba