Première publication : 1 January 1999
Mise en ligne :
1 January 1999

par Sylvie Goyet


1. Development and implementation of policies for the sustainable management of wetlands and coastal areas.

-  Developing the legal framework for the acquisition, the protection and the sustainable management of public or private lands based on APAL’s mandate and other existing laws.
-  Strengthening APAL’s capacity to ensure the integrated development of the Tunisian coastal areas.
-  Developing a national strategy for wetlands conservation in line with the conditions of the Ramsar Convention.
-  Establishing local Agenda 21 programmes responding to the development planning needs of the areas concerned by the project.

2. Protection and removal of root causes of the loss of biodiversity of global significance in key demonstration sites.

Instituting and strengthening an integrated approach for the management of selected wetlands and coastal sites in Tunisia.

3. Contributing to "closing the Mediterranean circle" in terms of biodiversity protection and sustainable management of wetlands and coastal zones through networking and training.

-  Designing and implementing a national training plan.
-  Designing and implementing a public awareness-raising campaign targeting all stakeholder groups.
-  Exchanging technical know-how and experience within the region.


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(JPEG) El Haouaria, Zembra and Zembretta isles: El Houaria is a Nature reserve. Zembra and Zembreta isles are national Parks and Biosphere reserves. No legal protection status for El Haouaria. Surface area of 1362 ha which includes : El Haouaria area of beaches and cliffs (97 0 ha), Zembra and Zembretta islands (392 ha).

-  Threats: Limited pressure at the current stage. Growing visitor pressure. Pressure on existing resources due to over-grazing, hunting and bird catching.

Dar Chichou, Oued Abid: 100 ha of Dar Chichou forest are a Nature Reserve. No legal protection status. 6350 ha composed of sand dunes, wetlands and forest area.

-  Threats: Pollution from agricultural activities - Over- pumping of water. Impact on resources from hunting, over-grazing... Tourism and urban development. Coastal dune erosion.

Lagoons conglomeration in Kelibia including Korba Lagoon: No legal protection status. 1500ha which is mainly a string of littoral lagoons, Korba lagoon is the only one not drying in summer.

-  Threats: Disturbances in hydrological balance. Inflow of domestic and industrial solid and liquid waste. Urban development spreading towards sensitive areas . Coastal dune erosion. Hunting.

Sites Protection through management planning

-  Ensure legal protection status of site
-  Establish participatory management structures at local level
-  Divert threats away from sensitive areas
-  Regulation enforcement and wardenin g at sites level
-  Intersectoral planning
-  Establish pilot operations with local people
-  Ensure compatibility with biodiversity conservation

Sylvie Goyet