MedWetCoast Project for conservation of Wetlands and Coastal Ecosystems in the Mediterranean Region MedWetCoast Project for conservation of Wetlands and Coastal Ecosystems in the Mediterranean Region
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Guideline for Site Dignosis studies
Terms of references
March 2000, by Web Team

The aim of the site diagnosis studies is summarised in the following five points:

- Identify the constitutive elements of the ecobiological value that are important for its conservation and its sustainable utilisation;
- Gather and evaluate the necessary data for effective monitoring and effective conservation of the fundamental biodiversity elements ;
- Determine the socio-economic parameters that characterise the natural resource exploitation methods;
- Identify the processes and the activities that represent a threat to the ecological integrity;
- Evaluate the possible and the immediate socio-economic impact of sustainable conservation managing the site;

We are in the process of establishing the building block which can constitute a basic reference, that would render credible any subsequent development of studies, of scientific follow-up measures and of site management devices. In this sense we would be essentially proceeding through an identification system, typologically effective within the context of sustainable conservation management : the typical ecosystem, key species, endangered species, reference zone - A particular focus would be brought for endangered species which were classified under international listings: Red Data Book / Bern Convention / Bonn Convention, European Directive "Habitats"/Annx2, etc.

The word "ecological" should be understood in a wide sense, while consulting all the biological components and functions of the ecosphere and the ecological system present (Rio 92) in a given site. All aspects of protecting the environment and the development of rural areas (and urban areas in certain cases) should, therefore, be integrated in the diagnostic procedure (founder of the systematic multi-level approach).

In the actual geographic setting at MedWetCoast, we are often involved in a Mediterranean context where the exploitation system of the milieu is very ancient having, as a consequence, a strong inhabitation of the area and a over-exploitation of resources. Agriculture and breeding, direct gathering on the biomass, recent technological developments, and expansion in land cover, constitute many determining factors of a complexity, difficult to shell in a simple site diagnosis.

We would be, therefore, adopting a methodology of data collection and analysis, in order to rapidly produce a "picture" of this reality, the most efficient possible, and subsequently favouring the sectors under study, distributing tasks according to chosen criteria and selectively focusing the intervention. We should not forget that this "picture" would be adapted to a direct exploitation, to facilitate, at the same time, the establishment of monitoring programs and to guide the development of a sustainable conservation management plan.

ToR on site diagnosis
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