|| Status and description of the MedWetCoast Site in Morroco
November 2000, by
Moulouya : SIBE. No legal protection status. 3000 ha which includes mainly the estuary of the Moulouya river.
l Beni Snassene : SIBE. No legal protection status. 6500 ha which includes mainly forests, caves and cliffs.
Nador, Sebka Bou Areg, Gourougou : SIBE. No legal protection status. 15000 ha which includes the Sebka Bou Areg lagoon and surrounding lands in Nador (180km2) and Gourougou forest.
Le Cap des 3 Fourches : SIBE. No legal protection status. 8000 ha which is mainly a rocky coastal zone.
Moulouya : Rapid degradation due to land reclamation. Coastal dune erosion. Salt intrusion due to over-pumping. Solid waste disposal. Depletion of resources through hunting, overgrazing, wood cutting... Rapid development in light of new road crossing the reserve.
Beni Snassene : River pollution from agriculture and from urban solid and liquid wastes. Increased pressure due to urban development and tourism. Depletion of resources due to hunting, overgrazing... High potential for tourism leading to future pollution of the catchment’s area.
Nador, Sebka Bou Areg, Gourougou : Rapid degradation of lagoon water due to aquaculture and pollution. Disturbance in water circulation due to sand accumulation on lagoon outlet. Urban and agricultural development spreading to sensitive areas Dune erosion - Illegal hunting.
Le Cap des 3 Fourches : Limited illegal and unplanned tourism. Impact on natural resources from hunting and overgrazing - Potential tourism leading to pollution. Potential road improvement leading to increased urban development.
SITES PROTECTION THROUGH MANAGEMENT PLANNING
- Ensure legal protection status of site
- Establish participatory management structures at local level
- Divert threats away from sensitive areas
- Regulation enforcement and wardening at sites level
- Intersectoral planning
- Establish pilot operations with local people
- Ensure compatibility with biodiversity conservation
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