MedWetCoast Project for conservation of Wetlands and Coastal Ecosystems in the Mediterranean Region MedWetCoast Project for conservation of Wetlands and Coastal Ecosystems in the Mediterranean Region
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  Sunday 04th of December 2016
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Albania
by Sylvie Goyet

MAIN OBJECTIVES AND OUTPUTS OF THE ALBANIAN PROJECT

1. Development and implementation of policies for the sustainable management of wetlands and coastal areas.

- Reinforcing the legal framework required to establish a network of protected areas within Albania.
- Developing the information basis required for effective implementation of the coastal zone management plan and the national wetland policy.

2. Protection and removal of root causes of the loss of biodiversity of global significance in key demonstration sites.

Instituting and strengthening an integrated approach for the management of selected wetlands and coastal sites in Albania

3. Contributing to "closing the Mediterranean circle" in terms of biodiversity protection and sustainable management of wetlands and coastal zones through networking and training.

- Designing and implementing a national training plan.
- Exchanging technical know-how and experience within the region.

DOCUMENTATION

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STATUS AND DESCRIPTION OF THE MEDWETCOAST SITES IN ALBANIA

Status of Narta Lagoon
- No legal protection status for Narta lagoon
- 2 Pine forests surrounding lagoon are Managed Nature Reserves
- Area 10000 ha which include mainly : - forests : 2000 ha, - wetlands : 5000 ha, - beaches : 500 ha, - other : 2500 ha

Threats
- Disturbance in hydrological balance due to limited exchange with the sea and disruption of water inflow into the lagoon
- Sewage discharge into lagoon
- Unplanned tourism and development activities
- Unplanned economic activities on lagoon including hunting and fishing

(JPEG)

Status of Llogara mountain, Karaburun peninsula, Sazani island, Orikumi Lagoon
- Llogara is a National Park and Important Bird Area
- Karaburun is a Managed Nature Reserve
- No legal protection status for Orikumi lagoon
- Area 25000 ha which includes mainly : - Llogara mountain : 1010ha - Karaburun peninsula : 20000 ha - Orikumi lagoon :130ha - Other : Sazani island

Threats
- Extensive pressure on Orikumi resources
- Drainage of Orikumi catchment area
- Destruction of vegetative cover in Karaburun
- Harmful exploitation of forest resources
- Unplanned tourism in Karaburun

Sites Protection through management planning
- Ensure legal protection status of site.
- Establish participatory management structures at local level.
- Divert threats away from sensitive areas.
- Regulation enforcement and wardening at sites level.
- Intersectoral planning.
- Establish pilot operations with local people.
- Ensure compatibility with biodiversity conservation.





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