1 January 1999
par Sylvie Goyet
MAIN OBJECTIVES AND OUTPUTS OF THE PROJECT IN MOROCCO
1. Development and implementation of policies for the sustainable management of wetlands and coastal areas.
Developing the legal framework for the acquisition, the protection and the sustainable management of public or private lands.
Creating a Coastal Area Unit within the department of Environment at ONEM to ensure the integrated development of the Moroccan coastal areas.
Developing a national strategy for wetlands conservation in line with the conditions of the Ramsar Convention.
Establishing local Agenda 21 programmes responding to the development planning needs of the areas concerned by the project.
2. Protection and removal of root causes of the loss of biodiversity of global significance in key demonstration sites.
Instituting and strengthening an integrated approach for the management of selected wetlands and coastal sites in Morocco.
3. Contributing to closing the Mediterranean circle in terms of biodiversity protection and sustainable management of wetlands and coastal zones through networking and training.
Designing and implementing a national training plan.
Designing and implementing a public awareness-raising campaign targeting all stakeholder groups.
Exchanging technical know-how and experience within the region.
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STATUS AND DESCRIPTION OF THE MEDWETCOAST SITES IN MOROCCO
Moulouya: SIBE. No legal protection status. 3000 ha which includes mainly the estuary of the Moulouya river.
Threats: Rapid degradation due to land reclamation. Coastal dune erosion. Salt intrusion due to over-pumping. Solid waste disposal. Depletion of resources through hunting, overgrazing, wood cutting... Rapid development in light of new road crossing the reserve.
Beni Snassene: SIBE. No legal protection status. 6500 ha which includes mainly forests, caves and cliffs.
Threats: River pollution from agriculture and from urban solid and liquid wastes. Increased pressure due to urban development and tourism. Depletion of resources due to hunting, overgrazing... High potential for tourism leading to future pollution of the catchment’s area.
Nador, Sebka Bou Areg, Gourougou: SIBE. No legal protection status. 15000 ha which includes the Sebka Bou Areg lagoon and surrounding lands in Nador (180km2) and Gourougou forest.
Threats: Rapid degradation of lagoon water due to aquaculture and pollution. Disturbance in water circulation due to sand accumulation on lagoon outlet. Urban and agricultural development spreading to sensitive areas Dune erosion - Illegal hunting.
Le Cap des 3 Fourches: SIBE. No legal protection status. 8000 ha which is mainly a rocky coastal zone.
Threats: Limited illegal and unplanned tourism. Impact on natural resources from hunting and overgrazing - Potential tourism leading to pollution. Potential road improvement leading to increased urban development.
Sites Protection through management planning
Ensure legal protection status of site
Establish participatory management structures at local level
Divert threats away from sensitive areas
Regulation enforcement and wardening at sites level
Establish pilot operations with local people
Ensure compatibility with biodiversity conservation