1 January 1999
par Sylvie Goyet
MAIN OBJECTIVES AND OUTPUTS OF THE PROJECT IN LEBANON
1. Development and implementation of policies for the sustainable management of wetlands and coastal areas.
Developing the legal framework for the protection of the biodiversity over the lebanese territory.
Strengthening the capacity or the Ministry of Environment and other related Ministries for the management of protected areas.
2. Protection and removal of root causes of the loss of biodiversity of global significance in key demonstration sites.
Instituting and strengthening an integrated approach for the management of selected wetlands and coastal sites in Lebanon.
3. Contributing to "closing the Mediterranean circle" in terms of biodiversity protection and sustainable management of wetlands and coastal zones through networking and training.
Designing and implementing a national training plan.
Exchanging technical know-how and experience within the region.
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STATUS AND DESCRIPTION OF THE MEDWETCOAST SITES IN LEBANON
Ammiq Wetland : Ammiq is a private estate that comprises a swamp surrounded by agricultural land. It does not have yet legal protection as a nature reserve. The surface area of the fresh water marshes is around 300 ha. Aamiq is the only remaining wetland ecosystem in Lebanon. It is located in the Bekaa valley center of Lebanon. The wetland and the surrounding estate lie on one of the most important bird migratory routes on the east of the Mediterranean. Lebanon’s MAP, Ammiq Wetland area
Threats No legal protection ; Pollution from agriculture activities ; Over pumping of the marshes water ; Hunting, overgrazing and uncontrolled human activities.
Tyre Coast Nature Reserve : Tyre Coastal Nature Reserve is a coastal zone located near the historical city of Tyre south of Lebanon. TCNR has been declared a nature reserve by law 708/98. The surface area is 400 ha. It comprises a sandy beach; fresh water springs and agriculture lands. The water from the springs flows out to the sea thus creating a mixed fresh water/salt water environment. TCNR is an important nesting site for the sea turtle Mauremys caspica.
Threats Increased pressure on the reserve by leasure activities ; Pollution from agriculture activities ; High anthropic pressure.
Sites Protection through management planning
Ensure legal protection status of site.
Establish participatory management structures at local level.
Divert threats away from sensitive areas.
Regulation enforcement and wardening at sites level.
Establish pilot operations with local people.
Ensure compatibility with biodiversity conservation.