MedWetCoast Project for conservation of Wetlands and Coastal Ecosystems in the Mediterranean Region MedWetCoast Project for conservation of Wetlands and Coastal Ecosystems in the Mediterranean Region
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Vjose-Narta Landscape Protected Area
Friday 28 October 2005, by Violeta Zuna, Eno Dodbiba

Compared with other parts of the country, Albania’s coast is the most important and valuable in economical terms, both for its environment and development potentialities. Economical and social liberalization of the country has caused a massive and uncontrolled migration of the people towards the coast, and hence an increase of the human pressure and demand on marine and coastal resources. Consequently, threats to marine and coastal biodiversity are evident and becoming more and more significant. Integrated Management of the Coastal Zone and the Action Plan for the Administration of the Coastal Zone should be considered a high priority for Albania in order to ensure a sustainable use of the marine and coastal natural resources, protection of biodiversity and creation of a legal and institutional base for the implementation of the sustainable development strategies.

1. Introduction

1.1. Background Compared with other parts of the country, Albania’s coast is the most important and valuable in economical terms, both for its environment and development potentialities. Economical and social liberalization of the country has caused a massive and uncontrolled migration of the people towards the coast, and hence an increase of the human pressure and demand on marine and coastal resources. Consequently, threats to marine and coastal biodiversity are evident and becoming more and more significant. Integrated Management of the Coastal Zone and the Action Plan for the Administration of the Coastal Zone should be considered a high priority for Albania in order to ensure a sustainable use of the marine and coastal natural resources, protection of biodiversity and creation of a legal and institutional base for the implementation of the sustainable development strategies.

As a contracting Party to many international conventions, such as Barcelona Convention, Ramsar Convention, Biodiversity Convention, and Bern Convention, Albania is committed to create an effective system for the administration of its coast. An important part of this system is the preparation of management plans for areas of particular conservation concern.

The wetland complex of Vjose-Narta has been highly evaluated for its natural and biodiversity resources by numerous national and international documents such as BIO SAP National Report (2002), NBSAP (1999), CAMP (1996), CZMAP (1996), and the report on Activity 7.2.4 “Specially Protected Areas and implementation of the SPA Protocol” for Albania (SPA/RAC, UNEP/MAP, 1996).

Based on such values, the site has been selected as one of the priority sites of the regional MEDWET Coast project. Under this framework, Vjose-Narta Wetland Complex has been subject of various activities aiming the sustainable management of biological diversity through the development of adequate legal and regulatory framework, the creation of institutional organizations adapted to the complexity of the issues at stake, capacity-building and the development of an exchange network.

The Management Plan is an important step in the fulfilment of MedWetCoast objectives because it will give a clear idea in attaining the conservation and sustainable use of natural and biological resources of Vjose-Narta Wetland Complex.

1.2. Summary Description The Management Plan provides a framework to conserve and enhance the special qualities of the complex so that they can be enjoyed by the present and future generations. In each step, MP seeks to engage the local communities in order that those communities could be part of their own decision-making and could contribute in the sustainable development of the wetland complex. The MP recognises that apart from governmental institutions, the resident community, local businesses, outside agencies, NGOs, voluntary bodies and individuals will have very significant parts to play in the successful implementation of the Plan. The management urges the creation of Landscape Protected Area along with its management structures: the Management Board and the PA Administration. The role of those two structures will be crucial for the successful implementation of the MP. They have to work very closely with local communities since their commitment is a basic step to its success. It must also be widely accepted that successful conservation activities within the site can only be achieved with the local communities support. They and the PA Administration must work together to achieve the Management Plans aims and objectives.

This MP provides the opportunity to:





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