| Management plan report
Wadi Gaza Nature Reserve Management Plan
Period covered : 2003 - 2007
Thursday 27 March 2003, by Web Team
The maintenance and enhancement strategy will focus on habitats and vegetation communities, and includes the following subjects.
Maintaining habitats, habitat structure and the diversity of habitats and species:
Collecting data and information Gather further data on the ecology, numbers and distribution of the wetland habitats, vegetation communities and species in Wadi Gaza. The initiation of the data collection programs will occur during the first year of the management plan. The information collection activities will be ongoing.
Regulation and legislation Develop regulations and legislation that exclude activities detrimental to the maintenance and values of Wadi Gaza habitats. This strategy has a high priority as there is a severe lack of regulations affording adequate protection to Wadi Gaza’s characteristic features. All measures to establish these regulations and legislations will take place during the first and beginning of the second year of the management plan.
Enhancing habitats, habitat structure and the diversity of habitats and species:
Stop pollution Reduction and elimination of major pollution in the site: e.g. pollution by raw sewage, oil residues, garbage and construction debris. Stopping pollution by raw sewage and oil residues is of highest priority because they are the most polluting sources. Elimination of this problem will be addressed during the first year of the management plan. Preventing pollution by garbage and construction debris will be done in the second year of the management plan.
Restore natural balances and functions Increase the natural flow and saline conditions, control or reduce the cover of dominant and alien invasive plant species and reintroduce characteristic plant species of Wadi Gaza. These activities have a medium priority and will be scheduled for the second year of the management plan.
Improve the socio-economic situation and opportunities of the local communities
The strategy addressing socio-economic improvement for local communities will focus on staff recruitment, income generation and services.
Staff recruitment Staff will be recruited from local communities to help implement the management plan. This not only creates jobs for local people but utilises local knowledge and gives local people a stake in, and ownership of, the reserve and its development. Staff recruitment and training will take place during the first year of the management plan.
Income generation Management planning should include promotion of income generating activities in the site that will be compatible with the conservation objectives for Wadi Gaza. Income generating activities will be developed and instigated during the second and third year of the management plan.
Municipal services The management process will include measures which assist local communities in the development and improvement of basic services such as a sewage infrastructure and garbage collection system. The lack of these services is the major cause of pollution in the site. Stopping this pollution has a high priority. A series of measures to address this issue are therefore planned during the first and second year of the management plan.
Public use, recreation, visitor facilities, education/demonstration and study or research
The public use, visitors, education and research strategy will focus on access issues and improvements to facilities.
Open access The site will be developed for recreation, education/demonstration, study and research. This needs to be supported by a program of access, through the establishment of designated trails, which will ensure these activities do not disturb sensitive areas such as breeding sites for birds. The access program will be instigated during the first year of the management plan.
Partially open Controlled, partial access will be allowed for uses such as woodcutting and grazing. Exploitation will be regulated to ensure that resources are utilised sustainably and in harmony with environmental objectives. A sustainable resource management program will be developed during the first year of the management plan and will be ongoing.
No access No access will be allowed for inappropriate activities such as stone quarrying, hunting and poaching. Measures to phase out inappropriate activities will begin during the first year of the management plan.
Facilities Visitor facilities will be constructed to provide visitors with a recreational park, observation towers, information panels, roads, trails and signposts. An information center will inform visitors about the site and assist in education and awareness programs. The development and introduction of visitor facilities is scheduled for the second and third years of the management plan.
Study and research Facilities and research equipment will be established for the management team and made available to encourage scientific research in the site. Assistance and back-up support for researchers will be provided by management and staff. This collaborative approach should extend to sharing of knowledge and data, which will be of mutual benefit to researchers and the site management team. Facilities for study and research are scheduled for development and introduction in the second and third years of the management plan and therafter will be ongoing.
Publicity A series of active and special promotions will be undertaken in relation to reserve developments and linked to initiatives such as education and awareness programs. These promotions will be ongoing from year 1, and coincide with activities as they occur.
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