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Management Plan report
Egyptian Management plan for Burullus protected area
Period covered by the plan: 2000 - 2010
Wednesday 26 March 2003, by Web Team

Management strategies implementation :

Different methods are required for different measures, and indeed some measures may require different strategies depending on location. The approach to a particular operational objective also depends on the category to which it belongs. For instance, the approach required to practical issues, such as maintenance of facilities, requires different skills and considerations to those of maintaining habitats or biodiversity.

The main areas of activity can be summarized as follows:

- 1 Restoring, maintaining or enhancing habitats/biotopes, habitat structure and the diversity of habitats and species.
- 2 Public use, recreation, visitor facilities, education/demonstration and study or research.
- 3 Estate management.
- 4 Miscellaneous other elements.

Habitats and species
The choices to be made here include non-intervention, limited intervention and active or strict intervention. El Burullus is such a large site that active intervention is not a realistic possibility, particularly with the limitations of staff and resources. Instead, the strategy of active intervention will be implemented solely in areas of highest habitat and biodiversity value. This will be achieved by designation of zones in which strict protocols for the conservation of the zone and its interests will be applied. Other intermediate ("buffer") zones will also be designated, supported by sets of regulations which will achieve limited intervention - though mainly on a non-enforcement basis. In reality the status of areas outside the strict conservation zones, will be mainly non-intervention until publicity and public awareness measures can raise them to limited intervention.

Public use
Much of the site will be open access. Some activities will be liable to permit or permission and some high conservation areas will be closed to the public. Visits for research, study, education and appropriate recreational activities will be encouraged, though access to sensitive conservation zones will be largely restricted to bona fide research workers.

Because visits are to be encouraged, a strategy of active publicity will be pursued, which will be linked with public awareness, education and other campaigns. A visitor center is being constructed and further facilities are planned for visitors.

Estate management
A considerable number of management measures cannot be carried out without planning for practical issues such as boundaries, fences, vegetation management and so on. These need to be costed in any management plan and are best presented as one or more "projects".

Issues such as legal instruments and regulations, employment of staff, contracting of services, accommodation, equipment, and health and safety statements are all part of management planning and are best presented as one or more "projects" in their own right.

Zoning and prescriptions

The zoning of certain areas helps to identify and protect key sites for conservation, to establish rules and regulations for the enforcement of strict or limited intervention and to clarify and simplify management implementation by staff and other participants.

The whole of Burullus Protected Area has been allocated to one of three management categories: core zone, buffer zone or transitional zone. The core zones are areas of strictest intervention and correspond to ecological units. The other zones, of lower intervention management priority, are best treated as functional units - although they often include one or more clearly defined ecological units. The location of these zones is given in Map (2).

Management zones
- Core zones : The core zones at Burullus Protected Area are locations of highest environmental and/or cultural value and therefore requiring a higher level of management intervention. Selection of the core zones was based on their suitability in terms of size, ease of protection and as representative areas of highest faunistic and floristic community diversity in the Protectorate. The aims of designating these areas as core zones are:
- to protect endemic, rare and globally-threatened species,
- to minimize the impact of human activities on well-established, rare or unique habitat types,
- to allow visitors to experience, enjoy and benefit from the different physical, biological and cultural aspects of the Protectorate.

- Buffer zones : The definition of a buffer zone for this management plan is a zone outside but immediately surrounding a core zone. Its purpose is to act as buffer for the core zone - meaning that restrictions can be placed on certain activities within the buffer zone which are liable to impinge on or damage the interests of the core zone.

- Transitional zones : For the purpose of this management plan, the definition of a transitional zone is one that falls within the Protected Area and its rules and regulations but is not otherwise subject to specific intervention management. This does not mean that areas designated as transitional zones have no conservation significance. The objective of conserving resources through sustainable management applies as strongly to this zone as any part of the Protected Area.

Owing to the immense biological, ecological, economic and cultural importance of Lake Burullus, it is suggested that the entire area (410 km2) should be regarded as the transition zone of Burullus Protected Area. All the sand bar that separates the Lake from the sea should be teated also as a transitional zone , as well as the terresterial area south of the Lake and close to the shore.

- Touristic zoning : A map of accessible and inaccessible islets in the Lake and tracks on these islets and on other terrestrial parts of the Protectorate should be drawn and made available to visitors. Clear road-signs with names of places and arrows indicating directions to them should be fixed along all tracks and cross-roads. Daily patrols by rangers and community guards must pay due attention to the presence of these signs, their clarity and ease to follow by visitors.

The impact of zoning
The proposed scheme should help protect endemic, rare and globally threatened species as well as to conserve unique habitat types without imposing undue restrictions on the use of the resources by local inhabitants or the enjoyment of cultural features and the impressive scenery by the visitors


Management plan for Burullus protected area
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